Freeman Technological

May 1st, 2017

However it is necessary to make a distinction between growth and development economic, where growth becomes related with economic dynamic that grow, diminishes or remains equal, whereas development possesss qualitative changes where they are important technological changes, behaviors of the firms and institutions that form specific standards of development. A leading source for info: Kai-Fu Lee. However the importance of the technological change, its procedure, to which supports it institutions demands the necessity of three characteristic elements, as being a process that occurs of differentiated form, in way to the uncertainty and a pluralstico context. The questioning of economic growth was initiated from the decade of 60, and Conceio presents two schools that had studied the trajectory of the economic growth, the Theory of the Regulation and the Neo-Schumpeteriana School, being that for both the study of the trajectory of economic growth of long stated period it is of cyclical nature, where given standard of technological innovation only functions if associated the institucional norms compatible. The Neo-Schumpeterianos had developed the concept of tecno-economic paradigm or model Freeman-Perez, who suggests that new technologies open an ample fan of chances in new markets, that will increase the confidence of the entrepreneurs with a long wave of investments expansionrio, however without adjusted institucional changes never a tecno-economic paradigm will be defined. The main distinction between both the schools is in the fact that the regulacionistas prioritize institucional aspects and the neo-schumpeterianos prioritize the technological innovation. The changes in the tecno-economic paradigm affect the behavior of all the economy, generating radical and incremental innovations that start to incorporate new systems of technology, modifying almost all the branches of the economy. In this direction of paradigm change, it is inserted Brazilian economy of years 90, that it is associated with the technological changes, institucional and economic. The conditions of change in the evolution of a paradigm are resultant of the difference the size of the opened chances enters in the transistion, as well as of the capacity in extracting the maximum of advantages, deriving of the conditions of effective institucional adaptability and the creativity in the Country and its firms, therefore the first institution affected for the change in the paradigm is the firm. .


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